National Child and Youth Development Promotion Act B.E. 2550 (2007) is a national framework for the development of programmes and activities for children and youth of Thailand. In regard to the Act, the National Child and Youth Development Plan of B.E. 2555-2559 (2012-2016) was formulated with a main goal in order to ensure that, children and youth lead secured lives; have physically and mentally healthy; have ethic and morality and a sense of civic mind; be able to express themselves creatively; and be fundamentally happy.
The Fellowship Foundation for Child and Youth Development (FCYD) in accordance to the mentioned national framework has set Our Mission to develop and promote the right of the children to access basic services and quality of education and health for the children living with difficult circumstances in the Northeastern (Esaan) Region of Thailand. Being as a networking and private-registered organization, we will work closely with local responsible authorities namely Provincial Office of Social Development and Human Security, Social Welfare Departments of local administration offices; municipalities and sub-district offices including other child development institutes. This is to ensure a whole system and related-frameworks to be connected and followed up among each others.
However, strategies and directions of child and youth development for particular group of the children would be established differently based on different factors, conditions and environments at either international, national or local levels. For instance, the United Nation General Assembly Special Session on Children (UNGASS) culminated in the adoption of an outcome document known as “A World Fit for Children”. Member states have obligations to develop national plans of action in pursuant to the goals and targets of the document, focusing on four main aspects; 1) quality of life 2) quality education 3) protection of children from abuse, exploitation and violence and 4) prevention of HIV/AIDS. Thailand’s National Plans of Action for a World Fit for Children (2007-2016) consist of 11 strategies and urgent measures. Please visit http://oppy.opp.go.th/doc/plan2555-2559%20eng.PDF for more details of the plan.
Based on our matured experiences, we are keenly aware of how fundamental child and young people are to the resolution of societal development. With the guiding a principle of the National Child and Youth Development Plan of Thailand, we identify our core developments into 4 major areas, which we strongly believe this is fundamentally to cover child protection and promotion of basic education and health services, prior to other higher level development actions. The 4 major areas include;
1. Protection and Assistance to the Children living with Difficult Circumstances Difficult circumstances include the children living with vulnerabilities caused from e.g. serious sickness and HIV/AIDS, disabilities, abandoned, abused, engaged in violence and poor living conditions, child labour and trafficking.
2. Promotion the Right to Education (RTE) for Under-privileged Child and Youth From different researches about RTE of Thai children, findings shown that some numbers of the children in every part of Thailand are not accessed and received the basic educational services. Including migrant children who are living in Thailand, this is to promote and assist the under-privileged child and youth to have accesses the services as provided by the government under the National Child and Youth Development Promotion Act B.E. 2550 (2007); General Provision, Article 6… “(2) Every child and youth has the rights to education and to receive basic education of the highest quality as stipulated under the Constitution” as well as World Declaration on Education for All.
3. Teach Thai Students Program (TTS) Thailand will become a member of the ASEAN Community and this will cause the English language to play a more vital role. Surveys have showed that Thai students’ English language skills still remain at a low level and thus the skills should be improved and developed urgently in order to compete with other countries in the SEA region. TTS program is aimed to recruit qualified native-English speaking teachers for Thai schools with priorities of the remote areas whose lack of the English-speaking teachers. This will help students have better opportunities to learn and practice good English skills and communications.
4. Integration and Reinforcement for Child and Youth Development It’s an inclusion to have all relevant sectors involved in child and youth development come together as partnership to integrate possible resources from beginning part of initial planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. As a reflection, the work inclusion will provide better work efficiency and effectiveness to produce inputs and receive the quality outcomes together; from early childhood care with good growth till to elder young people with good life-skills. Inclusion is typically considered ‘everyone’ around the children; parents, school teachers, community people, community-based organizations and local authorities. With all hands for the children, community cohesion will be re-established truly.
Due to societal changes, parenting approaches, imbalanced economy and insufficient discretion to be selective of positive values, safety and security remains a problem for Thai children and youth. Dangers and risks come from different sources; internal within families and communities and external ones from inappropriate living environments for example entertainment places (pubs & bars nearby educational institutes). These are all concerned contexts to the child and youth-related problems. We are committed to networking with all partners in order to ensure cooperation of efficient work approaches and methodologies. With the good cooperative works, it’s strongly believed that Our Mission would be managed and received successful performances and be able to upgrade and enrich the development works to meet higher standards.