Children living in difficult circumstances are those living in poor conditions which put their lives at risk. It includes homelessness & street children, child labourers, children exposed to violence and sexual abuse, children with disabilities, abandoned or orphaned children, children with serious illnesses and HIV/AIDS. Children in difficult circumstances suffer from poverty, exploitation and neglect for reasons beyond their control. In order to ensure the survival and development of these children, a multi-sectoral approach is required.

At the “macro level” current situations mean Thai children are at risk. This is due to societal changes in parenting approaches, an imbalanced economy and high level policies. Violence is another key issue in Thai society. Domestic violence can be common in families and communities,compounded byuncoordinated approach from local and national level organisations. There are other concerns surrounding children entering the drug, sex or gambling trades. The Thai government has implemented many protective, preventative, and rehabilitative measures to manage this. However, despite this it seems that levels of violence have not decreased. In fact, permanent disability and even death as a result of violence has increased. Please see legal and policy framework in the attached link.

The big question is ‘What is the real root of cause of violence and wrongdoing by children and youths?’ Numerous researchers have concluded that violent behaviour in children is the result of the complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors. One of the most important factors is parenting. Poor supervision, parental disharmony, rejection, and harsh discipline can influence violent behaviour. Violence and wrongdoing in children is also strong correlation to exposure to alcohol and drugs.

In Thailand the Child Protection Act B.E. 2546 (2003) aims to provide protection to children from all types of abuse. The act also promotes collaborative efforts among all governmental and non-governmental agencies that provide protection to children. Under the act Provincial Child Protection Committees were established in all 77 provinces of Thailand. Child protection is also integrated into the work of local administration.

A Multi-Sectoral Approach

In order to ensure the survival and development of these children, a multi-sectoral approach is required with efforts from national, provincial, local, community and family level. Under the leadership of the Thai government a multi-sectoral team should act on social welfare, education, health, civil society, family and community, justice, police and media. No one professional has all the skills, knowledge or resources needed for this cause. It is essential therefore that a coordinated response is made by all sectors and professionals involved in working with children and families in need of care and protection.

The Fellowship Foundation for Child and Youth Development (FCYD) is trained and registered as practitioner of psychology and social work, certified by Ministry of Justice. We are committed to approach our duty with our best efforts. We will employ a multi-sectoral approach to help and assist the children in difficult circumstances to have a better quality of life. At the same time, we hope cohesion and peace will return to families and communities at large.

According to the national framework on the prevention of violence and wrongdoing for children and youth the foundation, in collaboration with a multi-sectoral team will ensure:

  • Children and families in need of care and protection are able to access social and health services.
  • Local authorities; provincial, district and sub-district administrations (department of social welfare and human security) have the capacity to provide necessary support services and to coordinate the national child protection response.
  • Civil society and communities are empowered to identify, report and respond to cases of violence, abuse and wrongdoing against children.
  • Comprehensive life-skill educational trainings and follow ups are available to children who have suffered violence, abuse and wrongdoing.
  • Children feel safe at schools. School management, head teachers and teachers have the capacity to respond to child protection cases in coordination with provincial and district services.
  • Children, young people and adults have an increased understanding of the issues of violence, abuse and wrongdoing and the services available to respond to child protection cases

The FCYD will work as a team with all involved partners in order to help the children with difficult circumstances to achieve a better life, enabling them to grow up and contribute fully to society. For more details of the program and to donate to help these children, please visit this link: (Link)